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Developing Optimal Markings for Crosswalks

Many accidents occur on pedestrian crosswalks. Pedestrians might become less alert when they cross the road at marked crosswalk, but it is also possible that the zebra stripes used to mark crosswalk are insufficiently visible to the drivers, particularly when other vehicles block their field of view. Therefore, many other marking methods have been suggested before. The first phase of this research attempt to define the characteristics of optimal markings methods. In the second phase, the efficiency of each marking method will be tested using a driving simulator. The first phase will validate basic theoretical knowledge about the sensitivity of the peripheral visual field to different stimuli in a more "realistic" setting of a driving simulator while also attempting to identify the optimal marking method. The second phase will test various marking solutions and conclude which solution would be ideal.